Many women will consciously go to the hospital’s internal medicine and obstetrics and gynecology department to do related physical examinations and tests before planning pregnancy to ensure that their bodies reach the best state before conception.But do you know, there is an indispensable inspection item that should not be missed -oral health care.
Do oral examination before pregnancy
Preparing for pregnancy is actually related to the mouth? Answers are yes.Because the occurrence of many common diseases during pregnancy is closely related to whether you do oral examination.Generally speaking, the oral examination of such projects should be performed before pregnancy:
1. Gingivitis and periodontitis
After pregnancy, the level of estrogen in the body has risen significantly, especially the level of progesterone levels is very high, which will increase blood vessels in the gums, enhance the transparency of blood vessels, and easily induce gingivitis. This is called "pregnancy gingivitis during pregnancy."" ".Studies have confirmed that women who have not suffered from gingivitis before pregnancy have greatly reduced the proportion and severity of "gingivitis during pregnancy" after pregnancy; women with gingivitis or periodontitis before pregnancy, inflammation after pregnancy will be even more inflammatory.In severe, the gums will have hyperplasia, swelling, and significant bleeding. Individual gums will also be proliferated to tumor -shaped. It is called "gingival tumor during pregnancy", which is very prone to bleeding and hinders eating in severe cases.In addition, the toxicity of bacterial toxicity in the periodontal pockets of patients increases, and the destruction of the periodontal bone tissue is also worse, which often causes loosening of multiple teeth.If it is a moderate and severe periodontitis, the opportunity for pregnant women to have premature babies and low -weight children will increase greatly.Therefore, gingivitis and periodontitis should be performed before pregnancy and periodontitis.
Second, dental caries
This is the tooth decay that everyone often says.The changes in pre -pregnancy physiology and changes in eating habits, and the negligence of oral care often aggravate the development of tooth decay disease.Once acute pulpitis or root inflammation broke out, it will not only bring unbearable pain to pregnant women, but also accidentally take the medicine to adversely affect the fetus.In addition, surveys have proved that the mothers suffer from tooth decay, and the possibility of a little baby born with tooth decay has also greatly increased. One of the reasons is that the mother is the earliest spreader of tooth decay bacteria in the baby’s mouth.Maternal and baby spread vertically.Therefore, the cure of tooth decay before pregnancy is good for themselves or baby.
Third, obstructing wisdom teeth
The obstruction of the wisdom tooth refers to the last grinding teeth (commonly known as "rear governor") in the meal cavity. Due to the obstacles of the jaw and other teeth, it cannot be completely sprung up, causing some tooth to be covered by the gums.The following third -teeth are the most common.There is a deeper gap between the dental body and the gums (medical called "blind bag").Wisdom tooth crown Zhou Yan ".Because the wisdom teeth are mostly sprung up after the age of 18, and the wisdom tooth crown Zhou Yan is most likely to occur between 20 and 35 years old, and this age group is exactly the time for women of childbearing age to choose to get pregnant, so if you want to prevent and treat this disease, you canBefore pregnancy, the oral cavity should be blocked to remove the wisdom teeth.
Third, oral hygiene
If you have a plan to get pregnant, you should go to the dental department (preferably the dental department specifically checked for pregnant women) for oral hygiene examinations and accept the health guidance of the oral doctor. This is a very important point.Common diseases of oral cavity during pregnancy are closely related to the hygiene of the oral cavity. You need to know how to brush your teeth correctly and use dental floss, and if you have acupuncture disease during pregnancy, when treatment is safety, etc.
Causes of dental occurrence during pregnancy
It is estimated that about 50%of pregnant women will suffer from gingivitis during pregnancy.The gum swelling during pregnancy will begin in the third month of pregnancy, and reach the peak by the eighth month.Clinically, gums are swollen during pregnancy, especially when the teeth are swollen, bright, soft, and easy to bleed.Why is expectant mothers easily cause periodontal disease?
1. After pregnancy, the increase in female and progesterone in women’s body will expand, bend, and elasticity of gums of capillaries, which will cause gingivitis to increase the increase of blood stasis and increased blood vessel wall transmission.In addition, expectant mothers are easy to ignore oral hygiene due to changes in eating habits and physical conditions, which is also an important cause of periodontal disease.
2. The pathogenic factor of "pregnancy gingivitis and periodontal disease" during pregnancy is a plaque accumulated in four weeks of gums.The balanced imbalance of the internal hormone during pregnancy will cause significant inflammation such as gingival swelling and other inflammatory reactions to the plaque accumulated near the gums.difficulty.
Dental dental treatment during pregnancy
Generally, simple and conservative dental therapy, such as replenishment, tooth washing or dental routine examination. During pregnancy, as long as the physical condition allows, it can be performed.
Generally, dental surgery is more ideal in the middle of pregnancy under possible circumstances to avoid miscarriage in the first three months, or premature birth and deformity in the next 3 months.
The most commonly used anesthesia in dental dental dental, under general doses, will not inhibit the normal development of the fetal central nervous nerve.
If it is necessary to use drugs to control the condition, doctors will choose a safe and sideline drug.
If you want to use X -ray, you can usually wear a leading jacket to cover your abdomen to avoid radiation damage.
Most of the "pregnancy gingivitis and periodontal disease" can be improved by cleaning the teeth to eliminate the plaque between the tooth gaps.Therefore, paying attention to oral hygiene is an urgent matter.
Of course, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C, drink more milk, brush your teeth after each meal, and keep your mouth clean. These small things that you can do in daily life are actually the upper way of teeth health care.The expectant mothers should start with small things, and everything to prevent it!
Local diseases common during pregnancy
If pregnant moms have oral inflammation, even if they are only gingivitis, bacteria that cause gingivitis may enter the blood. Through the placenta, the fetus is infected with premature birth.Therefore, remind you of expectant mothers, oral care during pregnancy is very important.
1. Pregnancy Dental disease
During pregnancy, it is affected by hormone secretion, and the gums are blood and swelling, which can easily cause periodontitis.Secondly, periodontal edema, loosening of teeth, and swelling of the teeth.
Second, tooth decay
The changes in dietary habits during pregnancy and irregular diet are easy to ignore individuals and cavity and cause tooth decay. In addition, the increase in saliva secretion during pregnancy makes the oral cavity acidic, and it is also easy to generate tooth decay.
Third, sensitivity (dental sensitivity)
Due to physiological changes, expectant mothers especially love sweet and acidic foods. These foods will wear teeth and form sensitive teeth.
Fourth, blocking teeth cause acute swelling
If there are obstruction of the teeth before pregnancy, and the accumulation of plaque with plaque, the teeth around the teeth will be inflamed and swelling.
In daily life, pregnant moms should protect their teeth like this
1. Increase nutritional intake and maintain nutritional balance.
In addition to sufficient protein, vitamin A, D, C and some inorganic objects such as calcium and phosphorus intake are also very important.Increasing intake during pregnancy can not only play a role in protecting the mother, enhance the ability of the body tissue to repair damage, and it is also helpful to the development of the fetus’s teeth.
2. Do a good job of regular oral examination and timely oral therapy.
Oral diseases will develop rapidly during pregnancy. Regular examination can ensure early discovery and early treatment, which limits the lesion to a small range.For more severe oral diseases, a relatively safe time treatment should be selected in the middle of pregnancy (April to June).
Third, attach importance to oral hygiene during pregnancy
Master the method of oral health care, insist on brushing your teeth twice a day, and rinse your mouth for logistics.There is evidence that if you can completely maintain oral hygiene, gingival inflammation will be difficult to occur.For pregnant women who are susceptible to tooth decay, some fluoride that can be used appropriately, such as fluoride mouthwash, fluoride coating film, etc.
Fourth, clean tongue coating
When the mouth appears strange, you can clean the tongue coating by the way after brushing, and completely remove the food remaining on the tongue, which will help eliminate the odor in the mouth, and restore the tongue taste buds to the correct feeling of taste, instead of right to right to right right.The more food tastes, the heavier.
Fifth, use gum without sucrose to clean your teeth, such as lignol gum.
Lyol alcohol is a sweetener extracted from birch trees or oak. It does not contain sucrose, so it does not cause tooth decay.This gum has the effects of promoting saliva secretion, reducing oral acidization, inhibiting bacteria and cleaning teeth. If you can chew it after meals and sleep before you chew for at least 5 minutes, the incidence of tooth decay can be reduced by about 70%.
6. Avoid eating spicy and cold foods
In order to take into account the changes and hobbies of pregnant women, all kinds of sour, sweet, bitter and spicy foods can be consumed during pregnancy, but they should avoid eating too spicy foods to avoid causing stomach and stomach.Some pregnant women eat too much spicy or too cold and not fresh food, which can cause severe diarrhea, and severe cases can also cause premature birth.
7. Tracking special medical history
Many diseases can cause taste changes or bad breath, such as upper respiratory tracts, throats, nostrils, bronchials, and lungs in infection. There will be problems with diabetes, liver or kidney problems, and there will be problems with taste changes.Therefore, if pregnant women have a history of special diseases or a significant changes in the tone and taste, the doctor should be diagnosed and treated for a differential diagnosis.