Since the summer, there have been extreme high temperature weather around the world.Studies have shown that the global average temperature has been at a historical high for 3 consecutive days.
The average global temperature on July 5 was 17.18 ° C, which was the same as July 4.This number refreshed the world’s highest average temperature record of 17.01 ° C on July 3.The highest temperature in North Africa has recently been close to 50 ° C. The Middle East is being burned by abnormal heat. Even the current Antarctica in the winter is abnormal high temperature.
The World Meteorological Organization announced the formation of El Nino conditions
It may cause global temperature to soar
The World Meteorological Organization announced on July 4 that the tropical Pacific has formed El Niopy conditions for the first time in seven years, which may lead to the emergence of global temperatures and destructive weather and climate models.
Peter Tallas, Secretary -General of the World Meteorological Organization, said that the emergence of El Nino will greatly increase the possibility of breaking the temperature record, and may also cause extreme high temperature in many places and oceans in the world.Experts warn that with the continuity of climate change, extreme weather will become more common in the future.
A report released by the World Meteorological Organization in May this year predicts that due to greenhouse gas emissions and El Nino phenomena, at least one year from 2023 to 2027 will break the high temperature record set in 2016, with a probability of 98%.
High temperature range continues to expand
Be wary of "high temperature killer"
Under high temperature and hot weather, the number of heat strokes is rising
And there are many reports of the confirmation of thermal ejaculation
On July 2, a Beijing tour guide died of heat stroke during the tour of the Summer Palace and died of invalid rescue.According to colleagues, the 49 -year -old tour guide was uncomfortable after taking the study group at a high temperature of 35 ° C at a high temperature of 35 ° C, and was unconscious after returning to the bus.On June 16th, a 57 -year -old woman in Beijing had multiple organ failure due to thermal irritation. Although she was rescued for nearly 7 hours, she still died unfortunately.The patient had symptoms of threatened heat stroke after returning home outdoors and dizziness, and then continued to be discovered by the family until the sultry of the air conditioner and the western sun room without turning on the air conditioner, but it was too late.
On May 28, a man in Changzhou, Jiangsu was working under the scorching sun for nearly 3 hours, and suddenly fainted to the ground. When the patient first arrived in the hospital, his body temperature was as high as 41.6 ° C.Multi -organ functional incomplete and metabolic acid poisoning ", accepted the hospital’s intensive care unit for treatment.
On June 17, an accident occurred in a car in Taizhou, Zhejiang. The temperature in the car was very high. The driver held the steering wheel and kept trembling.Operations in high -temperature and closed environments are very dangerous. The most common hazard is "heat -irritation".
On June 28, data released by the Mexican Ministry of Health showed that extreme high temperature weather in the month had caused more than 100 people to die in the country.The reason for the number of deaths is heat stroke, followed by dehydration.As of now, Mexico’s deaths related to hot heat this year have been almost three times the number of numbers in 2022.
Is thermal radiation disease a heat stroke?
Just cool down the symptoms of thermal radiation?
If you don’t go out, you won’t get fever, right?
8 major misunderstandings of thermal radiation disease
Thermal radiation disease is heat stroke, so as not to be in danger of life
Thermal radiation is the most serious type in severe heat stroke.If it is not timely and properly treated, the fever rate is very high, and the general mortality rate can reach 50%-70%. Senior patients over 70 years old will be as high as 80%.
Symptoms of thermal radiation, cool down at home
The treatment method of thermal injection includes in vitro cooling, body cooling, drug cooling, and symptomatic treatment. Generally, heat dissipation and ventilation that can be done at home are only in vitro cooling, which is far from enough to treat thermal radiation.Therefore, when patients have high fever, sweating, blurred consciousness, convulsions, and even no response such as thermal radiation symptoms, do not hesitate to call 120 in time and send them to the hospital as soon as possible.
In the room, there will be no fever
Thermal radiation disease is not exclusive to outdoor. The indoor environment with high temperature and poor ventilation may also cause heat irritation.Like decoration workers and workshop workers who stay in the closed space for a long time are high -risk people in thermal radiation disease; some old people living in old houses with poor ventilation and no air -conditioning have also occurred in thermal radiation disease.
If you don’t do severe exercise, you will not get fever.
Thermal radiation disease can be divided into labor and non -labor types. The former refers to the stronger and high -strength physical activity in summer; the latter is common for the elderly, infants, and pregnant women with weak constitutions.In the summer of 2022, during the maternal "confinement" in Shandong, the heat was covered, and eventually died due to thermal radiation disease.
The body temperature is not high, it is not a thermal radiation disease
Rising body temperature is the main feature of thermal ejection disease. The core temperature of the patient is more than 40 ° C.The core temperature mentioned here is often reflected by the rectal temperature, and the axillary or ear temperature we measured daily is only the body surface temperature.The highest rectal temperature can be 2.1 ° C higher than the axillary temperature. When the temperature of the body is still "low fever", the core temperature may already belong to "high fever".Therefore, the axillary temperature or ear temperature we measured daily can only be used as a reference, and we cannot fully serve as the basis for diagnosis of thermal radiation disease.
Misunderstanding Six will only have fever in summer
The weather conditions with high temperature and high humidity in summer are likely to induce fever irritation, but thermal irritation is not exclusive to summer.For example, workers who work in high -temperature factories for a long time, firefighters facing the fire, and even those who steam sauna in winter may have fever.Therefore, in other seasons, special circumstances of patients need to be considered to avoid delay treatment.
Misunderstanding Seven High temperature days, eating more cold drinks can prevent heat irritation
Eating cold drinks is not a good way to prevent heat irritation. The most important thing to prevent heat irritation is to drink plenty of water, including white water, saline, potassium, sodium, chlorine and other electrolyte drinks.Alcoholic drinks and high -sugar drinks can make the body lose water, and it is not recommended to drink.A large amount of cold drinks can also increase gastrointestinal burden, so it is not the first choice for preventing thermal radiation.
Misunderstanding the eight women is weak, and it is more likely to get fever.
Generally speaking, women’s thermal adaptability is weaker than men, but a large number of clinical data shows that there are more men with fever in men than women, which should be related to men’s more outdoor work and heavy physical activity.For example, high -temperature operators, steelmaking workers, firefighters, athletes, and training soldiers are high -risk people.
How to treat thermal radiation disease?
What are the performances after heat stroke?
1. The main manifestations of threatened heat stroke are dizziness, fatigue, sweat, thirst, and inattention;
2. After that, the temperature increased and the fever appeared, but there was no conscious change, and it entered the mild heat stroke stage;
3. If the intervention is not added, the body temperature will continue to rise, reaching high fever of 40 to 42 degrees Celsius, and accompanied by twitching and conscious disorder of limbs, entering the stage of medium and severe heat stroke;
4. The most severe heat stroke is fever, which is usually combined with multi -organ failure, and the mortality rate is very high.
How to deal with threatened heat stroke and mild heat stroke?
Once a heat stroke occurs, the patient should be transferred to the cool vent of ventilation, the patient’s clothes buckle should be unlocked, and the body temperature should be reduced by wiping and ice dressing.While reducing the indoor temperature, it is necessary to replenish the body fluid to the patient. It is recommended to supplement the liquid containing salt containing salt water to supplement the body fluid and electrolyte loss caused by heat stroke.
In short: physical cooling, reducing room temperature, and hydration may reverse or terminate the patient’s heat stroke process.Once someone encounters fever, while trying to cool the patients, others around should help call the emergency call.
Transfer the patient to a cool place.
No matter what method is used, it quickly cools the patient.If the patient is soaked in the cold water of the bathtub; put the patient under the shower of cold water; spray it on the patient with the cold water of the flower; wipe the patient’s body with cold water; apply cold wet towels or ice packs to the head, underarms and thighs;When the weather is dry, the patient is wrapped in a single or clothing in the cold water.
The muscles of patients with fever may occur involuntary convulsions.In this case, avoid patients to hurt themselves.Don’t put anything in the patient’s mouth, don’t try to feed the patient.If the patient vomits, the patient’s body will lie on the side to ensure that the respiratory tract is smooth and avoid misusure.
What situations need to be seek medical treatment in time?
If the following situation occurs, seek medical treatment in time:
1. The body temperature continues to rise, or even exceeds 40 ° C. You should seek medical treatment in time.
2. Headache: When a continuous headache occurs in high temperature environment or after heavy physical labor, you should go to the hospital for medical treatment in time.
3. Muscle spasm: Under high temperature environment or heavy physical strength, systemic muscles, especially limb muscles unconsciously, should be seek medical treatment in time.
4. Fast breathing: Accelerate breathing, more than 20 times/minute, and the amount of breath is small, you should seek medical treatment in time.
5. Nausea: I feel like I want to vomit, but I can’t vomit. At this time, I should seek medical treatment in time.
If the patients who find the following situations should be sent to the hospital immediately or assisted in dialing 120:
1. Comat: Lost consciousness, slow or unreproof response to the external stimulus;
2. Extremely weak: I feel that there is no strength, and it is almost impossible to move;
3. Vague consciousness: I can’t perceive people or things around them accurately. If you don’t know where you are, you don’t know what others are talking about;
4, delirium: mental disorder, nonsense;
5. Epilepsy: The muscles of the whole body are unsatisfactory, no consciousness, and no response to external stimuli.
Transfer: Guangdong Sanitary Information
Source: Jingshi Health Home