Nasal congestion and nose sneezing constantly, how to treat rhinitis?丨 Please ask a doctor

The following is the actual record of live text on September 27, 2017.

Depending on the types of rhinitis, the symptoms of rhinitis are also different:

Acute rhinitis: The nasal cavity and nasopharynx are dry, burning, itching in the nose, and frequent sneezing.It is often accompanied by full body discomfort, chills, fever, loss of appetite, headache, that is, "cold".

Chronic rhinitis: Intermittent or alternate nasal congestion causes dizziness and brain bloating, which seriously affects sleep, work and study.Auspicious nose often flows into the pharynx, cough and sputum appear.

Pharmaceutic rhinitis: Long -term use of rhinitis or laser and surgery that harmed the nasal mucosa for a long time, leading to sustainable nasal nasal congestion, often nosebleeds.

Allergic rhinitis: repeated sneezing, runny nose, stuffy nose, itchy nose.

Atrophic rhinitis: The nasal mucosa is dry, and the atrophy of varying degrees. Sometimes breathing stench, nasal secretions are lumpy, tube -shaped pustules, and it is not easy to get out. When dried out of dry scoop, there are a small amount of nasal hemorrhage.

Acute rhinitis is similar to the symptoms of colds. It is mostly accompanied by sore throat, cough, fever, headache, and general discomfort. However, acute rhinitis is generally cured in about 1-2 weeks.

Other types of rhinitis generally are mainly symptoms such as nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose. They will repeat or exist. There are many rules for attacks, such as environmental stimulation and seasonal changes.Therefore, these rhinitis requires longer treatment and health care.

First, rhinitis is different from the lesions of sinusitis.

The disease of rhinitis is in the nasal cavity, and the lesions of sinusitis include nasal cavity and sinus.The so -called sinus is the bone cavity in the head of the nasal cavity. There are four groups of sinuses, namely: upper maxillary sinus, sinus sinus, frontal sinus, butterfly sinus, and the maxillary sinus is located in the bones on both sides of the nose. The sinus sinus is located inOn the inside of the orbits, the frontal sinus is located above the eyebrow bow on both sides. The butterfly sinus is located at the back of the nasal cavity and near the bottom of the skull.

Secondly, the nature of rhinitis and sinusitis is different.

Rhinitis refers to the inflammation of the nasal mucosa and submersible tissue, which is caused by acute or chronic nasal mucosa such as virus, germs infection, or damage under the action of stimuli.Sinusitis is an inflammatory lesion in the mucosa in the sinus cavity.

Sinusitis is a non -specific inflammation of the sinus mucosa. It is a common occurrence of a kind of nasal department. Among various sinusitis, upper maxillary sinitis is most common.It can also be more. The most common cause of pathogenic causes is that the nasal infection is followed by sinus inflammation.

Note: Rhinitis and sinusitis will make us very uncomfortable and seriously affect our lives, so we must treat it in time. Usually

Try to avoid colds.

Experts said that this is actually a more typical symptom of allergic rhinitis.The temperature in autumn drops sharply, the temperature difference between day and night is large, the environment is dry, and the content of dust and pollen increases.At this time, it is stimulated by cold air, which is easy to induce allergic rhinitis.Patients are mainly manifested in itching, nasal congestion, paroxysmal sneezing continuous attacks, and a large amount of water -like snot. Many people think that they have a cold, and they delay the treatment.When you go to the hospital for a nasal secretion, you can test the test of allergens if necessary, you can determine whether you have an allergic rhinitis.

Mild allergic rhinitis does not have a great impact on patient life, but medium and severe will interfere with patients’ lives, leading to a decline in quality of life and decreased work efficiency.Conjunctivitis and so on.At present, there is no special method for cure allergic rhinitis, but when changing seasonal changes, pay attention to prevent allergic rhinitis recurrence. When the temperature difference is large, pay attention to adding clothes to strengthen warmth.The air in the room should circulate and keep the air fresh.Usually contact with pollen, pets, etc., you should go to the doctor in time if there are symptoms such as continuous runny nose, sneezing.

According to the doctor’s order, choose oral medication or local medication for nasal cavity, such as various nasal spraying agents, nasal drops, etc.;

Rhinitis can generally be rinsed with nasal cavity with physiological saline;

Some rhinitis can be treated with hypertrophic rhinitis if there is obviously blocked symptoms;

Patients with allergic rhinitis should try to avoid contact with allergens.Some patients with allergic rhinitis can be desensitized, but the treatment of desensitization is long. Patients can refer to their own situation selection;

The level of estrogen in expectant mothers has increased, and rhinitis is prone to occur during pregnancy.If the expectant mother itself has allergic rhinitis, the symptoms may be more serious after entering pregnancy.If the symptoms of rhinitis are mild, expectant mothers can "carry" without medication. If the symptoms of rhinitis are more severe, especially in combined with bacterial infections, fever, pus and pus continues, antibiotics may be used.Damage, medication must be very cautious. The types of medication, treatment, and medication must be obeyed by the doctor’s advice.

In addition, expectant mothers also need to learn how to prevent rhinitis:

Pay attention to nasal hygiene, often rinse the nasal cavity with physiological saline;

Persist in physical exercise and strengthen physical resistance;

Improve environmental and dietary reconciliation;

Maintaining a good mood.

Experts remind that the common drugs for treating allergic rhinitis are risky for pregnancy. Moms do not use these drugs without consulting doctors or pharmacists.

Pediatric rhinitis does not seem to be a fatal problem, but it is easy to cause complications if not proper care. Parents need to pay attention:

Stay away from allergens: When children have symptoms of rhinitis, they should first stay away from allergens, such as: pollen, catkins, and diet that can easily lead to allergies.Because the symptoms of rhinitis are like a cold, but it will not heal in a short time, so when sneezing and nasal congestion have been long, you should go to the hospital in time;

Keeping the nasal cavity clean and avoiding the nose: keeping the nose cleaning is a major factor in preventing and nursing rhinitis patients;

Usually, you should do more exercise, strengthen exercise, and improve physical fitness.Through exercise, blood circulation can be improved to avoid blood flow block in the loss;

Usually, you should strengthen nutrition, have bad habits of picky eaters, and improve your own immunity;

Careful medication: Most of the traditional drugs treated with rhinitis are anti -group amine and hormone drugs, and many drugs are not suitable for children. Parents should not give their children at will, they must follow the doctor’s advice.

Experts said that because children are younger, poor resistance is prone to be infringed from the disease. Parents should pay attention to observation. If they find that their children are unwell, they must go to the hospital for relevant examinations and do a good job of prevention of the disease.

Rhinitis mainly affects people’s quality of life. It can cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, headache, and experience disorders, dizziness, and memory loss.Severe or long -term rhinitis may lead to otitis media, sinusitis, pharyngitis, and bronchial asthma, which can also cause night sleep apnea syndrome, manifested as breathing suspension during snoring and sleep.

Acute rhinitis: Symptoms that have mild acute rhinitis can quickly heal themselves.When the symptoms are severe, you need to be treated to cure;

Chronic rhinitis: The longer the time continues, the more difficult the treatment of chronic rhinitis.However, most chronic rhinitis can achieve good control symptoms through regular treatment and significantly improve the quality of life;

Allergic rhinitis: Avoid contact with allergens, you can use drugs or other means for control. Even if you are treated with desensitization, you cannot guarantee the treatment;

Sinusitis: The cure rate of acute sinusitis in clinical clinical clinicals is high. Chronic sinusitis is generally treated with drugs. Drug treatment can consider surgical treatment. Through sinus endoscopy and balloon expansion, more patients can cure more patients.

Patients with rhinitis usually need to pay attention to their own maintenance, work and rest, strengthen exercise, and prevent colds. They also need to maintain a healthy dietary habits to avoid tobacco and alcohol, and avoid contact with the factors that can easily cause disease recurrence.

Yuan Xiandao, Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to the Capital Medical University, deputy chief physician of the Department of O work of otolaryngology, doctor of medicine.

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He has been engaged in the clinical work of otolaryngus and throat and neck surgery for nearly 20 years. He has rich clinical experience. Harvard University and MD Anderson Oncology Hospital work experience.Respiratory suspension (snoring), malignant tumors of the head and neck, thyroid tumor, otitis media, deafness, tinnitus, olfactory disorders, dizziness, tonsillitis, laryngeal cancer, lower pharyngitis, throat sound diseases, and various omon, throat and throat and throat.Difficulty.

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Copyright statement: This article is the original manuscript of Dr. Chunyu. The copyright belongs to Dr. Chunyu and is not allowed to reprint without authorization. Please contact Reading@chunyu.me

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