Talk about the color change of "beans"?Do you really can’t eat soybean protein?

Xinhua Jun science science spoiler

At present, many patients and medical staff believe that patients with renal insufficiency cannot eat beans and bean products.

In fact, after a large number of research at home and abroad in recent years, this view is one -sided.

As we all know, the kidneys are important endocrine metabolism and excretion organs in the human body, which plays a vital role in maintaining internal environmental stability and material metabolism.Therefore, in addition to a series of metabolic changes in patients with kidney disease, in addition to the metabolic disorders of the three major nutrients, water, electrolytes, vitamins, etc., they also often cause varying degrees of malnutrition due to their diet, especially protein intake.It affects the prognosis and return of patients.

Therefore, the serious impact on this malnutrition on the prognosis of the disease has attracted widespread attention from kidney and nutritional medical staff, as well as patients and family members and family members.

In malnutrition prevention and control, the nutrient that everyone is most concerned about is protein and what source of protein to choose.According to the past concepts, people often choose "fish, poultry, egg milk" and other high -quality protein -rich animal proteins, very few or do not choose soy protein, and even talk about the color change of "beans".It is everyone who thinks that soy protein is attributed to plant protein in general. It is considered that the protein content of soy products is abundant. After more intake, it will increase kidney damage.

But do you think so?What can soy beans have a role in kidney disease?

First of all, we should distinguish the types of Chinese beans in daily life. In fact, soybeans are specifically referring to soybeans, black beans and green beans, while peas, kidney beans, red beans, and mung beans are miscellaneous beans, which does not belong to the category of soybeans.

In addition, it is clearly stated in the "Dietary Guidance of Patients with Chronic Kidney Diseases (WS/T 557-2017)" that the appropriate amount of soybean protein can be used as the main source of high -quality protein with foods such as milk, eggs, or various meats.However, considering the weak gastrointestinal function of patients with nephropathy and the digestion and absorption of protein, it is recommended to give priority to eating soy products such as tofu, soy milk, soy milk, and do not directly consume soybean seeds.

Secondly, in previous studies, it was found that for patients with chronic kidney disease, the intake of appropriate soy protein can reduce the level of blood creatinine and urea nitrogen, delay the progress of renal function, and also have a positive effect in improving blood lipids and blood sugar.And in improving proteinuria, soy protein is better than animal protein.

Therefore, in order to improve the diet satisfaction of patients with kidney and meet the preferences of traditional diet, you can choose a diverse high -quality protein diet.Rich dishes for patients with kidney disease.

Finally, it needs to be reminded that the intake of protein is also very important. Under the joint guidance of clinicians and nutritionists, kidney friends can set the intake of different proteins and animals and plants according to different stages of renal function.The ratio of protein.

Author: Niu Yang, head of the clinical nutritionist at Xinhua Hospital

Project source: Shanghai Health Popular Science Youth Talent Special (JKKPYC-2022-06)

Department introduction

The clinical nutrition department of Shanghai Xinhua Hospital is the top ten clinical nutrition departments in the country and an advanced unit of intestinal nutrition work in the country. Currently, there are two doctoral supervisors and 3 master’s tutors.The department has won 16 scientific research projects such as major national natural projects, and has won a number of awards such as the first prize of Shanghai Science and Technology Progress, the Second Prize of National Science and Technology Progress, and the Second Prize of Science and Technology Progress of the Ministry of Education.The department has nutritional support, dietary management, teaching, and scientific research integration management model. It is the earliest clinical nutrition department in China to have independent NST teams.I have accumulated rich experience in the fields of reasonable nutritional support, bowel failure, obesity, and pregnancy during pregnancy.

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