The problem of teeth during pregnancy is not a joke. The severe pain of teeth or gums will not only affect the diet, sleep, emotions, etc., but also may even hurt the health of the fetus.Many pregnant mothers also endure, dare not go to the hospital, and dare not take medicine.Trives and illness are not smart practices. We must seek medical treatment in time.If you want to torture during pregnancy, it is a positive solution to prevent problems.
1. Harm healthy mother’s health
There is evidence that patients with severe dental inflammation and patients who do not lack teeth can reach 72 square centimeters, which is equivalent to the size of an adult palm of the palm of the palm of an adult.Bacteria and its toxic products can continue to exist in the immune and inflammatory response of the quasi -mother’s body through blood circulation.
2. endanger fetal health
Bacteria that causes expectant mothers’ gum disease may enter the blood and infect the fetus through the placenta. This may affect the development of the fetal brain, and it may also cause the fetus to suffer from congenital heart disease and other diseases after birth.Be careful of premature birth.
American scholars have reported that pregnant mothers who have severe periodontitis have a premature or low weight of newborns.Therefore, the American Dental Society recommends that all women who are pregnant or planning to be pregnant must conduct periodontal examination to prevent or treat periodontal disease.
Dental dental disease during pregnancy, of course, depending on the doctor!
During the mothers, they have dental problems, especially severe toothache. It is best to see the dentist and inform the doctor in detail your actual situation in order to get professional suggestions and formulate targeted treatment solutions.
Toothache during pregnancy is most likely to appear in two stages:
In the early pregnancy, the puffed gonadotonoplasine in the pregnant mother’s body increased significantly, which could affect the integrity of the gum epitheine tissue;
In the third trimester, the level of luteal hormone reached the highest level, which reduced the capillary of the gums, bending, and elasticity of the capillary of the gums, resulting in increased blood stagnation, increased permeability of blood vessel walls, and causing gingivitis.
Experts suggest: In the early stages of pregnancy and third trimester, it is recommended to do the simplest and most conservative treatment to relieve pain.The most suitable time for dental treatment is in the middle of pregnancy, that is, when it is 4 to 6 months, the fetus is relatively stable at this time.If you want to cure the root cause, it is best to wait for the most secure after childbirth.
The most common symptoms of dental diseases are toothache, such as dental caries, acute pulpitis, acute perturbic inflammation, periodontitis, gingivitis, wisdom tooth crown inflammation, etc., will accompany toothache of different degrees.Toothache itself does not affect the fetus, but if the expectant mothers have great emotional fluctuations and excessive anxiety, they may cause abortion or premature birth.The following is the 7 tooth problems that expectant mothers are the most likely to encounter.
1. gingivitis during pregnancy
Inflammation of gums is a common problem during pregnancy. This is because gums are target organs of sex hormones.The level of progesterone increases with increased pregnancy age, and the reactivity of the gums to microorganisms is enhanced.The common phenomenon is that the gums are bleeding when brushing, and the gums become red, soft, swollen, and hypertrophy.
Coping method: Develop the habit of regular teeth. You must carry out Zhou Jiezhi before pregnancy, and maintain a good oral hygiene habit after pregnancy.
2. Dental caries
Due to changes in dietary habits during pregnancy and irregular diet, especially sweet and acidic foods have strong corrosiveness on their teeth, and pregnant mothers are prone to tooth decay problems.In addition, saliva secretion during pregnancy increases, and pregnancy vomiting occurs, which makes the oral acid high acid, slowly get rid of the surface of the teeth, and it is easy to cause dental caries. Toothache will naturally come to the door.
Coping method: Keep oral cleaning, inhibit the growth and reproduction of oral bacteria, neutralized acidic substances, and maintain the alkaline environment in the mouth.Capture existing dental caries in the mouth before pregnancy for treatment.If you have symptoms that are not treated before pregnancy, you should choose to treat a relatively safe time in the middle of pregnancy.
Some expectant mothers suffer from periodontitis before pregnancy, mainly due to the local factors of the gums (dental stones, plaque, etc.), which support chronic inflammation of the periodontal support tissue.Because gingivitis fails to treat it in time, inflammation can spread from the gums to deep to the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone to develop into periodontitis.The level of progesterone after pregnancy increases chronic inflammation of the original gums of pregnant women. If you have periodontitis before pregnancy, it is not treated in time.If you do not pay attention to diet and oral hygiene during pregnancy, the disease will increase, causing gum bleeding and pain.
Coping method: Treat existing periodontitis as soon as possible, brush your teeth in the morning and evening, use dental floss, and rinse your mouth with mouthwash.Use soft brush, do not excessively force when brushing your teeth.Eat more foods rich in vitamins and protein, such as milk, eggs, lean meat, etc., especially eat more fresh fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C.
4. Acute pulpitis
The pulp is caused by acute physical damage, chemical stimulation, and infection, and the internal pressure of the teeth increases, which occurs in pain. The main reason is that deep caries are not treated in time, resulting in infection and invasion of the pulp.Pain, with temperature stimulation, it exacerbates pain.
Coping method: The treatment is more troublesome, and the root canal treatment needs to be performed. It is best to conduct in the second trimester. The choice of treatment and some medication safety problems need to be communicated with the doctor.
5. Wisdom tooth crown inflammation
The position of wisdom teeth is backward, and it is not correct. It is difficult to clean it. Long -term soft dirt and bacterial accumulation cause inflammation of the soft tissue around the crown. In the early stage, only gum pain is red and swollen.When it affects the chewing muscles and internal muscles, the tooth is closed.Local swelling can occur, and lymph nodes can increase and tender.At this time, systemic symptoms can occur, such as systemic discomfort, fever, etc.
Coping method: Generally, you should go to the hospital in the early stages of inflammation for local flushing to relieve inflammation.With the correct brushing method and dysentery to keep oral hygiene, you can pull the tooth out after childbirth.The wisdom teeth that cannot be eliminated by repeated attacks can be safer to find dental surgeons at the monitoring of obstetricians at the supervision of obstetricians in the middle of pregnancy.
6. Gingling tumor during pregnancy
After 4 months of pregnancy, the bright red gingival tumor that grows rapidly between the gums between the teeth is prone to bleeding.
Coping method: Gingling gingival tumors during pregnancy is not tumor. Most of them can be reduced after childbirth, but they must be treated to disappear.
7, loose teeth
Human teeth have a certain physiological dynamics. The root of the dental membrane is firmly standing in the alveolar nest by connecting the periodontal membrane and the surrounding alveolar bone. During the pregnancy, due to the rise in progesterone and estrogen, the pregnancy affectsThe stability of the periodontal tissue (periodontal membrane and alveolar bone), the physiological dynamics of the teeth increased, this is why some expectant mothers feel "loose" during a certain period of pregnancy.
Coping method: If the tissue around the teeth is originally healthy before pregnancy, this phenomenon will naturally disappear after childbirth.
Q: "Doctor, I will vomit as soon as I brush my teeth. Can I use chewing gum instead of brushing my teeth?"
A: The chewing gum cannot be brushed to brush the teeth. If the pregnancy is very serious, try to brush your teeth when you get up in the morning. You must brush your teeth before going to bed at night. Try to choose foods that are not sticky and crude fiber in your diet.
Q: "I heard that with a pepper or a bite of liquor can relieve toothache, can you do this during pregnancy?"
A: Don’t listen to the partial direction. This approach does not work for people who are not pregnant. Don’t try it casually during pregnancy.
1. Calcium supplement is important
When the embryo is 2 months, the small germ of the fetal teeth has begun to grow, and it is calcified by May to June. Therefore, in the first year after the baby is born in 4 months, the pregnant mother must ensure the calcium content in the body.
From the end of pregnancy, vitamin D and calcium should be supplemented under the guidance of a doctor.
Go out to the sun during the day and take a sufficient amount of vitamin D.
Drink 250 ml of milk or equivalent milk powder drinks every day, and eat more calcium -rich foods such as shrimp skin, shrimp, egg yolk, green leafy vegetables.
2. Balanced diet
To develop the habit of balanced diet, eat more healthy diets such as fresh vegetables and fruits, and supplement sufficient heat and high -quality protein.
Persist in eating less snacks, eating less sweets and sticky stickiness.
Supplement various necessary vitamins and trace elements.
3. Brush your teeth in place
During pregnancy, we pay more attention to oral hygiene than usual.Do not brush your teeth immediately after pregnancy, because the vomiting is often acidic, and brushing your teeth immediately will damage the glaze on the surface of the teeth.
It is the basic guarantee for brushing each time in the morning and evening. We must pay attention to brushing and effectiveness.If pregnant mothers have changed their diet and increased frequency, they can increase the number of brushes, such as after meals, sweets or other things.
Use dental floss to remove the plaque of the neighbor surface of the two teeth that cannot be completely cleaned to the toothbrush.
Pregnant mothers can rinse their mouths with water or fluorine mouthwash first. After an hour, the acidity of the teeth surface decreases and then brushes her teeth.
4. Regular dental health care
Regular examination can ensure early discovery and treatment of dental diseases.More severe and complex oral therapy should be carried out before pregnancy. Oral therapy that must be done during pregnancy can be selected in the middle of pregnancy.
It is best to look at the teeth before pregnancy: In principle, you should do detailed oral examination before pregnancy to eliminate various hidden dangers.
Following the dental tablet: When taking X -ray dental tablets, the upper abdomen of a leading dress is protected to prevent the fetus from radiation.Guidance of the American Obstetrics and Gynecologist Association on Oral Health of Pregnant Women: During pregnancy, oral prevention, diagnosis and treatment, including shooting X -rays (on the premise of being protected by abdomen and thyroid), and local anesthesiaof.
Careful medication: It is best not to take or use less medicine in 10 weeks before pregnancy. The medication must be specially careful during the entire pregnancy process.
Because the first 3 months of fetal growth and development is extremely active, and the various systems have not been completely formed, so improper use of pregnant mothers in the first 3 months of pregnancy may cause fetal malformations.