A standard prenatal inspection (referred to as the checkup) is an important measure to ensure the safety of pregnant mothers and baby baby. So, what do you need to check prenatal inspection?
First of all, each prenatal examination, pregnant mothers need to measure blood pressure and weight in order to discover abnormalities in time, and ensure suitable weight growth; doctors will also conduct specialized physical examinations on pregnant mothers, including measurement of palace high measurement, evaluation of fetal position and the position of fetal position and the position of fetal position.Ferry heart hearing (except for early pregnancy).
The first birth check is 6-8 weeks of pregnancy
At this time, you need to go to a community hospital to establish a maternal health manual.At the same time, ultrasonic examinations need to be done to determine the gestational week, the estimated due date, except ectopic pregnancy, and determine the chorionicity of the twin pregnancy.And doctors will evaluate risk factors during pregnancy.Corresponding laboratory tests include: blood routine, urine routine, blood type (ABO blood type and RH blood type), fasting blood glucose, liver, renal function, hepatitis B virus surface antigen, syphilis spiral body, HIV screening, electrocardiogram, etc.
The second birth check is 11-14 weeks pregnant
During this period, the ultrasound test of the fetus NT (the thickness of the fetal neck transparent layer) was mainly performed to initially screen the fetal chromosomal abnormalities.If the fetus NT is thickened, professional consultation is required to diagnose the doctor before giving birth.
The third checkup is 15-20 weeks pregnant
The doctor of delivery will decide according to the situation of the pregnant mother to conduct a Tang family screening (15-20 weeks) or a non -invasive pre -delivery DNA screening, and detect the blood routine and urine routine.Donaldians are discontinued after 12pm the day before, and the food and water are discontinued, and the next morning came to the hospital for examination on an empty stomach.If the DNA screening of non -invasive production does not require an empty stomach.
The fourth birth checkup is 20-24 weeks of pregnancy
In this gestational week, the most important B -ultrasound test (commonly known as "row default") of the most important screening of fetal malformations during this gestational week is mainly to see if there is a big problem in the appearance of the fetal appearance and whether there is an abnormal structure.Ultrasonic doctors measure the double diameter, head circumference, abdomen, and femoral length of the fetus.In addition, blood routine and urine routine tests must be performed.
The fifth birth examination is at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy
The gestational weeks should be screened (75G OGTT), blood routine, urine routine, blood lipid detection, etc.Do not eat after 8 o’clock the day before yesterday. Do not eat after 8 pm, sugar water is finished within 5 minutes.Glucose is prescribed by a doctor.Pick up blood once each or 2 hours after drinking sugar water to measure the blood sugar value.Let’s test whether the pregnant mother suffers from gestational diabetes.
The sixth birth checkup is 28-30 weeks pregnant
The B -ultrasound test (commonly known as small row abnormalities), blood routine, and urine routine test should be performed in this checkup.This time the ultrasound will also pay attention to the growth and development of the fetus.Starting from 28 weeks of pregnancy, pregnant mothers should pay attention to several fetal movements every day, and find that abnormalities should seek medical treatment immediately.
The seventh birth checkup is 30-32 weeks pregnant
This gestational weekly test once of the hepatitis B virus surface antigen, syphilis spiral body, HIV screening, and detect blood routine and urine routine.
The eighth checkup is 32-34 weeks pregnant
The gestational week must be routine, urine routine, full biochemical, and obstetrics B ultrasound.Based on your situation, doctors decide whether to increase fetal heart monitoring.Fetal heart monitoring is mainly to monitor the condition of the fetus in the palace.
The ninth birth checkup is 35-36 weeks pregnant
The gestational week should detect blood routine, urine routine, obstetrics B -ultrasound, and fetal heart monitoring.
The tenth birth check is 37-38 weeks pregnant
The gestational weekly monitoring and urine routine should be performed. At the same time, the method of childbirth should be performed, and the B -clay bacteria of the secretion is also performed.
After that, the pregnant mother needs to be checked every week
The content of prenatal examination is basically the same as the 37 weeks of pregnancy.Doctors will decide the adventure of the pregnant mother based on the situation of pregnant mothers. Childbirth at the appropriate gestational week is conducive to the safety of the mother.
The prenatal examination on time and regularly is an important measure to ensure the safety of mothers and children. Pregnant mothers should obey the doctor’s advice and do a good job of examination.
Wang Xiaoxin Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Deputy Chief Physician Review Expert
Zou Liying, chief physician of obstetrics and gynecology hospitals in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital
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