During pregnancy, the fetus continues to grow and develop. As the pregnancy time increases, the nutrition that the baby needs will gradually increase.development.
So, when will the nutrients such as calcium, iron, zinc, vitamins, and DHA be supplemented during pregnancy?How to add?
Supplementary nutrients: folic acid
Function: Reduce the rate
Early pregnancy is a critical period for the development of the fetal nervous system, so it is essential for pregnant mothers to add folic acid.Folic acid is vitamin B9. It is a kind of vitamin that needs to be supplemented from the beginning of pregnancy. Generally, it is necessary to take it in the first three months of preparing for the baby.
At the same time, pregnant mothers can also eat foods rich in folic acid, such as: bread, noodles, white rice and flour and other grain foods, as well as beef liver, spinach, asparagus, beans, apples, etc.
Supplementary nutrients: vitamin C, vitamin B6
Role: relieve gum bleeding, reduce the symptoms of early pregnancy reactions
Affordable vitamin C can relieve gum bleeding and prevent oral problems.Vitamin C comes from fresh fruits and vegetables, such as: green pepper, cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, lemon, strawberry, apples, etc.
Vitamin B6 can effectively alleviate early pregnancy reactions. Foods rich in vitamin B6 include: lean meat, chicken, eggs, fish, bananas, potatoes, soybeans, carrots, walnuts, peanuts, spinach, etc.
Supplementary nutrients: magnesium, vitamin A
Function: Promote the growth and development of fetal baby
Magnesium is important for the development of fetal muscles and bones, and it is also good for the postpartum repair of pregnant mothers’ uterus.Foods rich in magnesium include: green leafy vegetables, nuts, soybeans, pumpkin, melon, sunflower seeds and whole wheat food.
Vitamin A is an irreplaceable human body and requires necessary vitamins from the outside world.The lack of vitamin A during pregnancy can cause fetal eye defects (eyesless), urinary system, and lung malformation.Chinese nutrition workers suggest that the supply volume in daily diet is 1000 μg retinol.
Pregnant women generally do not need to take additional drug preparations of vitamin A. As long as you eat more foods rich in vitamin A, you can meet nutritional needs, such as: animal liver, milk and dairy products, eggs and carotene -rich carotes, amaranth, spinach, spinachAnd fruit.
Supplementary nutrients: zinc
Function: Prevent heart and brain baby’s dysplasia
The lack of zinc in pregnant mothers will have problems such as taste, abnormal sense of smell, loss of appetite, and decreased immunity, which will affect the development of important organs such as fetal brain and heart.
Therefore, 13-16 weeks of pregnancy can eat more zinc-containing foods such as oysters, oysters, liver, mushrooms, sesame, etc.However, it should be noted that the daily zinc supplement should not exceed 45mg.
Supplementary nutrients: vitamin D, calcium
Role: Promote the development of bones and teeth of fetal baby
The 17th to 20th weeks of pregnancy is the rapid calcification period of the baby’s bones and teeth, and the demand for calcium increases.Therefore, to increase the intake of milk and dairy products, you can also eat some eggs, shrimp, fish, kelp and other foods.
Supplementary nutrients: iron
Function: Prevent iron deficiency anemia
In the middle and late pregnancy, pregnant mothers are prone to iron deficiency anemia.Therefore, pregnant mothers can eat more iron -rich vegetables, animal liver, lean meat, eggs and other foods, or you can take iron sulfate under the guidance of a doctor.
Supplementary nutrients: DHA, EPA and brain phospholipids, lecithin
Function: Ensure the normal development of the baby’s brain and retinal
DHA, EPA, and brain phospholipids, lecithin and other substances can prevent premature birth, and can also ensure the normal development of the baby’s brain and retina.
This month, pregnant mothers can eat foods rich in DHA, such as sea fish, fish oil, walnuts, pine nuts, almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts, etc.
Supplementary nutrients: carbohydrates
Function: Maintain the body’s calorie needs
At 29-32 weeks of pregnancy, the baby began to store glycogen and fat in the liver and subcutaneous.Insufficient carbohydrate intake at this time may cause protein deficiency or keto acid poisoning.Generally speaking, pregnant mothers need to eat 400g of staple food per day.
Supplementary nutrients: dietary fiber
Function: Prevent constipation
Most pregnant mothers are troubled by constipation during pregnancy. Constipation during pregnancy will not only cause hemorrhoids, but also cause premature birth and abortion.Therefore, pregnant mothers should pay attention to intake of fiber -rich foods, such as: whole wheat bread, celery, carrots, sweet potatoes, potatoes, bean sprouts, cauliflower, etc.
Supplementary nutrients: thiamine (vitamin B1)
Role: Avoid extension of the output, difficulty in childbirth
Amarantine is a water -soluble vitamin that has high content in sea fish.If the pregnant mother’s inadequate intake of thiamine will cause problems such as vomiting, burnout, and weakness, it may also cause uterine shrinkage fatigue, extension of the labor process, and difficulty in childbirth.